What is SeaWorld Orlando doing to ensure guest health and safety in light of coronavirus concerns?
The health and safety of our guests, Ambassadors and animals are our top priorities. As part of our commitment to the health and safety of our guests, Ambassadors, and the community, we are following guidelines from the CDC on prevention of illnesses. To learn more, click here.
What are SeaWorld Orlando park hours?
SeaWorld Orlando park hours vary throughout the year. You can view our SeaWorld Orlando park hours online before you plan your visit.
What time does SeaWorld Orlando open?
SeaWorld Orlando park hours vary throughout the year. Be sure to check the SeaWorld Orlando homepage or the app for opening and closing times.
What dining options are there at SeaWorld Orlando?
Restaurants and concession stands at SeaWorld Orlando are located throughout the SeaWorld Orlando park. Large hard or soft coolers, glass containers, food, drinks and picnic lunches may not be taken into SeaWorld Orlando park. Guests with special diets, baby formula or baby food may bring their items into the SeaWorld Orlando park.
Learn more about our unique dining programs offered at SeaWorld Orlando.
Review SeaWorld Orlando's important information regarding guests with food allergies.
Guests wanting to make seating arrangements at Sharks Underwater Grill® can do so online or by visiting the host/hostess stand in front of the restaurant on the day of their visit. Reservations can be made in person after 10 a.m. the day of your visit.
Does SeaWorld Orlando still have orcas in 2020?
SeaWorld Orlando has daily Orca shows in 2020. Please check the event schedule for show times and updates.
Does SeaWorld Orlando accommodate for guests with disabilities?
SeaWorld Orlando is committed to providing a safe and enjoyable environment for all guests. The SeaWorld Orlando Accessibility Guide provides an overview of services and facilities available for guests with disabilities, including information pertaining to rides, shows and exhibits. You can find the accessibility guide by clicking here.
Does SeaWorld Orlando have a guide for guests with disabilities?
Yes, SeaWorld Orlando has guides for guest with disabilities. You can find the accessibility guide by clicking here.
How do I book a SeaWorld Orlando tour or animal encounter?
SeaWorld Orlando offers many exclusive park experiences. Tours or animal encounters can be booked online here to reserve your spot or stop by SeaWorld Orlando Guest Services during your visit for availability.
Which hotels are close to the SeaWorld Orlando park?
SeaWorld Orlando has many hotels nearby. Please visit our Hotel Packages page for more detail about hotels and to book your hotel.
Does SeaWorld Orlando have a lost and found?
SeaWorld Orlando has a lost and found for park guest. If you have recently visited SeaWorld Orlando and lost an item, please contact us here to report your missing item. SeaWorld Orlando is not responsible for lost, missing or stolen personal property.
What happens if I lose something in the SeaWorld Orlando park?
Guests to SeaWorld Orlando are asked to claim or report lost items at Guest Services, located just inside the Main Entrance. Ride attendants are not responsible for articles left on ride platforms. Loose articles are not permitted in the ride queue lines or on our major attractions. This includes but are not limited to, bags and purses, cameras, cell phones, hats, keys and wallets. Items must be safely secured in a sealed pocket, a waist pack, left in a locker or with a non-rider. SeaWorld Orlando and SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment are not responsible for lost or damaged articles. Items are kept at Lost and Found for seven days. To report a lost or found item online, please click here.
How much is parking?
SeaWorld Orlando offers general and preferred parking to our guests. General Parking starts at $25 and preferred parking starts at $35. Save money by purchasing your SeaWorld Orlando parking pass in advance here.
Florida Bronze Annual Pass Members receive 50% off general SeaWorld Orlando parking. Florida Silver Annual Pass Members receive complimentary general SeaWorld Orlando parking. Florida Gold and Platinum Annual Pass Members receive complimentary general SeaWorld Orlando parking and preferred SeaWorld Orlando parking (limited availability). Save money by purchasing your SeaWorld Orlando parking pass in advance.
Do you have charging stations for Electric Vehicles?
For your convenience, we offer three charging stations for Electric Vehicles. There will be no charge for using the charging stations, but are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Please ask an Ambassador for directions upon your arrival to the park.
Does SeaWorld Orlando have fireworks every night?
SeaWorld Orlando has fireworks certain times during the year, including New Year's Eve and an enhanced fireworks show on the 4th of July. Please see the event lineup here for timing.
Are strollers available at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando offers single and double strollers for rent on a first-come, first-served basis at the rental shop near Guest Services.
Are there wheelchairs or electronic convenience vehicles (ECVs) available to rent at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando does offer wheelchairs and ECVs on a first-come, first-served basis at the rental shop.
Are shows included in SeaWorld Orlando Admission?
SeaWorld Orlando admission tickets includes all rides, shows, and exhibits.
My SeaWorld Orlando Annual Pass is lost or stolen - what do I do?
Reprints of SeaWorld Orlando Annual Passes will be issued at the SeaWorld Orlando Ticket Services windows just outside of the Entrance turnstiles. Adults must present valid government-issued photo identification in order to receive their reprinted SeaWorld Orlando Annual Pass. One free reprint will be granted per 12 month period, each reprint after will require a $5 replacement fee.
Does SeaWorld Orlando have ATMs?
Yes, SeaWorld Orlando has ATMs that are located throughout the SeaWorld Orlando park.
What is the recommended attire for a visit to SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando is a family destination, and requires that guests wear appropriate clothing while in the SeaWorld Orlando park. Shirts, shoes and pants/shorts must be worn at all times (swim attire permitted at Aquatica). Clothing with suggestive or explicit language or insulting statements is considered inappropriate SeaWorld Orlando park attire.
What are the SeaWorld Orlando attraction restrictions?
SeaWorld Orlando has posted safety signs near each attraction, which include any height requirements or other restrictions. As each attraction is unique, guests are encouraged to reference each posted safety warning sign at the ride entrance. Height requirements for each attraction are listed below:
Journey to Atlantis®: 42" (107 cm) or taller.
Guests between 42" and 48" tall must be accompanied by a supervising companion (a guest who is 14 years of age or older).
Kraken®: 54" (137 cm) or taller.
Infinity Falls™: 42" (107 cm) - 78" (192 cm).
Wild Arctic: 42" (107 cm) or taller.
Guests between 42" and 48" tall must be accompanied by a supervising companion.
Big Bird's Twirl 'N' Whirl - Elmo's Choo Choo Train: 36" (91 cm) or taller.
Guests below 36" must be accompanied by a supervising companion.
Hand held infants may not ride these rides.
Abby's Flower Tower - Cookie Drop! - Slimey's Slider: 42" (107 cm) or taller.
Guests shorter than 42" tall must be accompanied by a supervising companion.
Hand held infants may not ride these rides.
Super Grover's Box Car Derby: 38" (97 cm) or taller with supervision companion.
Guests who are between 38" and 40.9" tall must be accompanied by a supervising companion.
Sea Carousel: 42" (107 cm) or taller.
Guests shorter than 42" tall must be accompanied by a supervising companion.
Hand held infants may ride permitted they sit on the bench with a supervising companion.
Sky Tower: 48" (122 cm) or taller.
Guests under 48" tall must be accompanied by a supervising companion.
Hand held infants are permitted to ride with a supervising companion.
Manta®: 54" (137 cm) or taller.
Mako™: 54" (137 cm) or taller.
Paddle Boats: 56" (142 cm) or taller.
Guests under 56" tall must be accompanied by a supervising companion.
Are there bicycle racks available at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando has bicycle racks for your use. The racks are conveniently located outside the Main Gate Plaza.
Is SeaWorld Orlando closing?
No, SeaWorld Orlando is not closing. The park is open year round in 2020, but SeaWorld Orlando park hours may vary. Click here for a list of current and upcoming ride, show and other attraction information at SeaWorld Orlando.
How do I get to SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando is located at
7007 SeaWorld Drive,
Orlando FL, 32821
Click here for directions.
What is the SeaWorld Orlando mailing address?
SeaWorld Orlando's mailing address is:
7007 SeaWorld Drive
Orlando FL, 32821
Click here for directions.
Where is SeaWorld Orlando located?
SeaWorld Orlando is located at 7007 SeaWorld Drive, Orlando FL, 32821, near the intersection of Interstate 4 and FL 528, about 10 minutes south of downtown Orlando and 15 minutes from Orlando International Airport (MCO).
What are the official SeaWorld Orlando social media accounts?
What is the SeaWorld Orlando phone number?
Does SeaWorld Orlando host school groups or field trips?
There is an ocean of opportunities for students to learn at SeaWorld Orlando. Check out our amazing camps, field trips, and special offers for teachers here.
Do children need photo ID to get into SeaWorld Orlando?
Minors (guests who are younger than 18 years of age) are not required to present photo ID to enter the SeaWorld Orlando park.
Does SeaWorld Orlando offer front-of-line access for their rides and attractions?
SeaWorld Orlando does have Quick Queue – Save time and skip the lines on select rides and attractions! Enjoy priority entrance at participating rides.
Reserved Seating – Guarantee a great seat without standing in line at select shows and presentations!
Find out how you can upgrade your day here.
Where do I go for help in SeaWorld Orlando?
Guest Services is located near the entrance of the SeaWorld Orlando park. Our friendly Ambassadors are here to help you have an amazing day at SeaWorld Orlando. Below are some of the many services provided at this location:
- Ticket upgrades
- Booking tours or animal encounters
- Show information
- Lost and Found items
- Guides for guests with disabilities
- Assistance for lost parties
Stroller. wheelchair, and electronic convenience vehicles (ECVs) are available for rent in the building to the right of Guest Services.
Are there lockers available at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando has three different sized lockers available for daily rent. The lockers are located near the SeaWorld Orlando park entrance, ranging from 13”x7.5” to 22”x13.5” in size. Small single-use lockers are also available at Journey to Atlantis®, Kraken®, Manta®, and Mako® for a small rental fee.
Is there a place to store my belongings inside the SeaWorld Orlando park?
You can store your belongings in lockers when you visit SeaWorld Orlando. Lockers are located just inside the SeaWorld Orlando Main Entrance. Multiple sized lockers are available for daily rent.
Where can I find a SeaWorld Orlando map?
SeaWorld Orlando has a digital map feature on the SeaWorld App to help you find your way during your visit or download a park map here.
Can I buy SeaWorld Orlando merchandise online?
SeaWorld Orlando merchandise, souvenirs, and gifts can be purchased either on the day of your visit or from the comfort of your home by visiting www.seaworldshop.com
Can I ship souvenir purchases from SeaWorld Orlando?
Shop all you want without carrying your large purchases by using "Package Pick-Up." Your merchandise will be waiting at the SeaWorld Store.
What is the SeaWorld Orlando email newsletter and how do I receive it?
The SeaWorld Orlando email newsletter is sent out each month with updates on SeaWorld Orlando park news, special offers and all that’s new at SeaWorld Orlando. Join now!
May I bring my own food and beverages to SeaWorld Orlando?
No outside food, beverages, or coolers are allowed to be brought into SeaWorld Orlando, except you may bring a bottle of water or a refillable water bottle. Exceptions may be made for Guests with special dietary needs, including food allergies and baby food/formula. Guest should contact Park Security or Guest Relations when they arrive at the Park for approval to bring in special dietary foods.
Learn more about our unique dining programs offered at SeaWorld Orlando.
Review SeaWorld Orlando’s important information regarding guests with food allergies.
What credit cards are accepted at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando accepts MasterCard, Visa, American Express, Discover and JCB at all ticket booths, restaurants and gift shops with proper identification. We also provide ATMs throughout the SeaWorld Orlando park for your convenience.
What forms of payment does SeaWorld Orlando accept?
SeaWorld Orlando accepts cash, travelers checks, JCB, credit or debit cards from Mastercard®, Visa®, Discover® and American Express®.
Are pets permitted at SeaWorld Orlando?
Pets are not permitted in the SeaWorld Orlando park, however, we do have a pet kennel located outside the SeaWorld Orlando park main entrance. Service animals are permitted at the SeaWorld Orlando park. We have 31 kennels ranging in size from small to extra large. The pet boarding building is located at the front entrance of SeaWorld Orlando, on the right hand side of the entry plaza. Kennels are $15 per day, $10 for Pass Members. Credit Only - Cash Not Accepted.
Can I bring my service animal to SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando welcomes guests with their service animals.
Is there a service to skip long lines at the SeaWorld Orlando attractions?
Guests to SeaWorld Orlando can use the Quick Queue® program to skip long lines. More information about the SeaWorld Orlando Quick Queue is here. Check ride wait times throughout normal operating hours here.
Do rides and attractions at SeaWorld Orlando ever close for maintenance?
SeaWorld Orlando rides and attractions occasionally close for improvements and scheduled maintenance for the safety of our guests and animals. Please visit our SeaWorld Orlando park hours page to view our current list of scheduled closures.
What items are prohibited at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando prohibits the following items to maintain a safe environment for all guests and ambassadors. We thank you for your understanding and cooperation.
Weapons of any kind or objects that appear to be weapons (to include self-defense sprays, pocket knives, toy guns, squirt guns, water blasters, etc.);
Recreational devices such as drones, remote-controlled toys, skateboards, scooters, shoes with built-in wheels, roller and inline skates;
Alcoholic beverages, marijuana, drug paraphernalia or other illegal substances;
Glass containers (excluding small baby food jars) and plastic straws;
Face masks worn by adults that are not medically required or religious in nature;
Wheeled mobility devices with less than 3 wheels or devices that cannot maintain stability and balance when stopped, unpowered or unoccupied;
Flags, banners, signs, or voice amplification devices used for the purpose of conducting demonstrations or to incite a crowd;
Large markers, permanent pens and spray paint;
Fireworks and other flammable items;
Laser pens, laser pointers or similar focused light devices;
Articles of clothing with offensive language or images.
What kind of security should I expect when I come to visit SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando security procedures are designed to keep our guests, Ambassadors, and animals safe. Please note the following tips and reminders from our security team:
- All bags, backpacks, and packages are subject to inspection prior to entering the park.
- The following items are not permitted to be brought into SeaWorld: weapons, glass bottles, cans, any other type of sharp object, straws, large hard or soft coolers, and any hazardous items or materials.
- Please leave any unnecessary articles locked in your vehicle to expedite your entry into the park.
- SeaWorld Orlando is not responsible for fire, theft, damage or loss of vehicle including articles left within.
What are the SeaWorld Orlando show times?
SeaWorld Orlando has shows and presentations throughout the day. Please see the schedule here for times.
Can I smoke or vape at SeaWorld Orlando?
Smoking is permitted in the SeaWorld Orlando park, but only at locations specified on the SeaWorld Orlando park map.
Can I hold a private event at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando offers a variety of offerings for company meetings, picnics, private events and more. Click here for more information about the opportunities available.
Does SeaWorld Orlando host meetings or special events?
There are opportunities for meetings and special events at SeaWorld Orlando. Visit our group events page to learn more.
Can I reserve a stroller online to use at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando offers online stroller rental ahead of time. Strollers are located inside the SeaWorld Orlando park at the rental shop near Guest Services. Guests must be 18 years or older to rent strollers. For safety reasons, all strollers must be SeaWorld Orlando parked outside of most exhibits and attractions. SeaWorld is not responsible for strollers or their content left unattended in the SeaWorld Orlando park.
Do you rent wheelchairs at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando offers wheelchair rental for a nominal charge. Guests are welcome to bring their own wheelchairs. There are limited quantities of wheelchairs and are on a first-come, first-served basis.
Can I reprint SeaWorld Orlando tickets I've purchased?
SeaWorld Orlando can offer ticket reprints as long as the tickets haven't been used. Simply log in with the e-mail address you used to purchase the tickets and click on Order History. You can reprint your eTickets or reservation confirmations there. Click here to log in.
Do children get free admission to SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando does not require an admission ticket for children ages 2 and younger are free.
Do you offer military discounts for SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando has a discounted ticket program called Waves of Honor. Active military personnel can have complementary admission and veterans are eligible for 50% admission discount.
Click here for our Waves of Honor Program. Waves of Honor admission is valid at SeaWorld only and does not include Aquatica, SeaWorld's Water Orlando park.
Does my child need an Annual Pass or daily ticket to SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando requires children 3 and older to have an admission ticket or Annual Pass. Children 2 years old and younger receive free admission to SeaWorld Orlando.
How can I cancel a SeaWorld Orlando Vacation Package reservation?
SeaWorld Orlando allows cancelation and changes to reservations, with certain requirements. To cancel your SeaWorld Orlando vacation package reservation, please call us at 407-545-5550. You can cancel without any fees at least 72 hours prior to your vacation package reservation arrival date. There will be no refunds for cancellations made within 72 hours of the vacation package reservation arrival date. You will receive no refund if a cancellation is made the day of or after your arrival date. Unused portions of your vacation package will not be refunded.
How can I change, update or cancel a SeaWorld Orlando experience or amenity reservation?
SeaWorld Orlando allows changes to experiences and amenity reservations. To make a change, update or cancel a reservation, please email us or call us at 407-545-5550.
There is no charge for the first change made to a reservation, as long as it is 24 hours before the reservation date. There will be a non-refundable charge for changes made within 24 hours of the reservation or if more than one change is made.
You can cancel without any fees at least 24 hours prior to your reservation. There will be a non-refundable charge for cancellations made within 24 hours of the reservation. You will receive no refund if a cancellation is made the day of or after your arrival date. Unused portions of packages will not be refunded.
How do I re-enter the SeaWorld Orlando park if I have to leave for some reason?
SeaWorld Orlando allows guests to re-enter the park with a proper hand stamp and valid admissions ticket.
Before leaving SeaWorld Orlando, guests must get their hand stamped. When guests return to the SeaWorld Orlando park they must enter through the SeaWorld Entrance with a proper hand stamp and SeaWorld admission ticket or re-entry will not be allowed.
How does EZpay work SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando has an EZpay program for Florida Residents only. EZpay is a monthly payment program that requires a 12 month commitment. Pass members will automatically remain on EZpay on a month-to-month basis after that commitment is met. Your credit card is automatically billed every month thereafter for 11 months. After you sign up for EZpay, you can come redeem your Pass at the SeaWorld Orlando park. In order to redeem your EZpay Passes, the credit card holder must be present with the proper identification.
How much does it cost to go to SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando ticket prices are available online here.
Is there a discount for AAA members to visit SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando offers AAA admission discounts. Please visit any ticket booth or Guest Services with your AAA card to receive a discount on a one-day admission ticket.
What happens if I lost or forgot my SeaWorld Orlando pass?
SeaWorld Orlando provides for pass reprints at the Guest Services office. If your passes were forgotten, please proceed to Guest Services at the front of the SeaWorld Orlando park. Lost passes will be replaced for a $5.00 plus tax fee. Exchanges for damaged and/or faded passes are free. There is a nominal processing fee for all other replacements. Pass member must show photo I.D.
Where can I buy SeaWorld Orlando tickets?
SeaWorld Orlando tickets can be purchased online before you visit the SeaWorld Orlando park. Tickets are required for all guests ages 3 and older.
What should I do if I can't print my online SeaWorld Orlando tickets?
SeaWorld Orlando tickets can be printed for you at Guest Services. You will need the credit card you used to order the tickets, I.D. and your order confirmation number.
What is a SeaWorld Orlando eTicket?
A SeaWorld Orlando eTicket lets you purchase and print tickets from the convenience of home; meaning no time spent waiting for tickets to arrive in the mail. Plus, if you lose your eTicket, all you have to do is print another copy.
Can I upgrade my SeaWorld Orlando ticket to an Annual Pass?
Guests to SeaWorld Orlando can upgrade from a general admission ticket to an Annual Pass on the day of their visit. They must take their receipt, hard ticket or E-ticket (receipt preferred) to the Guest Services Window to upgrade from a ticket to a Bronze, Silver, Gold, or Platinum Pass on the day of their visit before leaving the SeaWorld Orlando park.
What is the difference between the SeaWorld Orlando 1 Year and Platinum Pass?
SeaWorld Orlando has four different levels of annual passes. The Bronze, Silver, and Gold Passes are valid only at SeaWorld Orlando or SeaWorld & Aquatica Orlando depending on which Pass you purchase, and is valid for 1 full year. The Platinum Pass allows entry to all SeaWorld parks (excluding Discovery Cove) and is valid for 1 full year. There are also a few differences in benefits.
Click here for more Pass information.
What is SeaWorld Orlando's cancellation/refund policy?
SeaWorld Orlando’s zero change fee policy allows Guest to change previously made admissions reservations to a different date by calling 407-545-5550 between 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. EST. Additional cost applies for dates with higher ticket prices. No refund or credit is given for changes from dates with higher prices to dates with lower prices. Tickets, Passes, Membership, and Fun Cards are nonrefundable, nontransferable, revocable, and may not be redeemed for cash. Other restrictions may apply.
Most in-park experiences and products may be rescheduled 1 or more times with no fee if rebooked at least 24-48 hours prior to date of reservation (product-dependent) by calling 407-545-5550 between 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. EST. Please see specific reservation product descriptions and disclaimers for cancellation policy.
How does the SeaWorld Orlando Shuttle work?
SeaWorld Orlando shuttle busses are available to transport guests from popular locations to SeaWorld Orlando. These include the Orlando Airport, downtown Orlando, and area hotels. The shuttle busses are run by 3rd party companies.
Is there public transportation to SeaWorld Orlando?
Can my children go to SeaWorld Orlando without me?
SeaWorld Orlando requires children under 13 years of age to be accompanied by an adult or to be participating in a SeaWorld Orlando camp or educational program.
Does my child need parent supervision at SeaWorld Orlando?
Except when participating in an event intended for young guests such as our SeaWorld Camps or sleepovers, SeaWorld Orlando requires that visitors 13 and younger be accompanied by an adult. Tours and Interaction Programs require anyone under 18 to be accompanied by a paid adult in order to participate.
What happens if it rains during my visit to SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando guests whom are adversely affected by severe weather on the day of their visit can redeem their paid admission tickets for a nontransferable, nonrefundable re-admit ticket. The new re-admit ticket is valid for a single-day admission and must be redeemed by the end of the current season. Rain guarantee re-admit tickets are processed on the day of the visit only at the Guest Services near the Main Entrance. Re-admit tickets will be distributed to guests as they end their visit. The guarantee does not apply to Pass products (1 Year, or Platinum).
What happens if there is bad weather during my visit to SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando offers a Sunny Day Guarantee for your SeaWorld Orlando visit – learn more about it here.
What does admission to SeaWorld Orlando include?
SeaWorld Orlando admission includes all shows, exhibits, aquariums, and rides (except Skytower). Dining experiences, animal tours and interactions, front-of-the-line passes, SeaWorld Orlando park food and merchandise and other upgrades are optional and an additional cost. Advanced reservations for upgraded experiences are recommended and can be made online.
What does All-Day Dining at SeaWorld Orlando include?
SeaWorld Orlando has 11 total restaurants included in All-Day Dining at SeaWorld Orlando. Captain Pete's Island Hot Dogs, Expedition Cafe, Seaport Pizza, Voyager's Smokehouse, Seafire Grill, Flamecraft Bar, Mango Joe's, Spice Mill, Mama's Pretzel Kitchen, Waterway Grill, plus the Food Trucks in Sesame Street® Land.
What does my Annual Pass to SeaWorld Orlando include?
SeaWorld Orlando Pass members receive unlimited admission to the SeaWorld Orlando park on regular operating days, free or discounted SeaWorld Orlando parking, discounts off food and merchandise in the SeaWorld Orlando park for Gold and Platinum Pass Members, and online coupons, including reduced admission for family and friends for Gold and Platinum Pass Members. Click here for the latest updates and savings.
Is there free Wi-Fi at SeaWorld Orlando?
SeaWorld Orlando offers free Wi-Fi to our guests but please note that signal reception may vary by location and device type. After entering the SeaWorld Orlando park, select SeaWorldGuest to connect.